How to say mine, yours, his, hers, its and theirs (masculine, feminine, singular and plural pronouns)

Look at this table to learn about Pronombre posesivo

English    Masc sing    Masc pl     Fem sing    Fem pl    
mine mío míos mía mías
yours tuyo tuyos tuya tuyas
yours (formal) suyo suyos suya suyas
his suyo suyos suya suyas
hers suyo suyos suya suyas
its suyo suyos suya suyas
theirs suyo suyos suya suyas

Read and listen to these examples:

El disco de Alejandro Sanz es mío.
The CD of Alejandro Sanz is mine.

Las croquetas de jamón eran mías.
The ham croquettes were mine.

Elsa dice que ese pantalón vaquero es tuyo.
Elsa says that that pair of jeans is yours.

Estos calcetines rojos son tuyos.
These red socks are yours. ["you" = "tú" informal singular]

Yo creo que mi libro de ruso no es suyo.
I think that my Russian book is not his.

El collar del perro es suyo.
The dog's collar belongs to it. [lit: The dog's collar is its.]

Las bicicletas no eran suyas.
The bicycles were not hers.

Ese bocadillo de atún no era suyo.
That tuna sandwich was not yours. ["you" = "usted" formal singular]

Esta casa no es suya.
This house is not yours. ["you" = "ustedes" formal plural]

Estos cuadernos no eran suyos.
These exercise books were not theirs.

In the examples above, possessive pronouns agree with the noun they replace.

Sometimes these possessive pronouns are seen accompanied by the definite article:

El, la, los, las + pronombre posesivo

We use this formula generally in two cases:

1. To reinforce the feeling of possession.

1. Este regalo es tuyo. 2. Este regalo es el tuyo
This present is yours. [The article "el" reinforces the possession.]

2. When the possessive pronoun is at the beginning of a sentence.

-Mi aspiradora no funciona. -La mía se rompió ayer también.
-My vacuum cleaner doesn't work. -Mine broke yesterday too.

More examples:

-Sus viajes son a diferentes lugares. -Y los tuyos, ¿adónde son?
-His trips are to different places. -And yours, where are they to?

-Mis vacaciones fueron estupendas. -¿Y las suyas, cómo fueron?
-My holidays were great. -And yours, how were they? ["yours" = "ustedes" plural formal]

-Mis tortillas son las mejores. -Pues las mías llevan menos aceite.
-My omelettes are the best ones. -Well, mine have less oil.

-Sus novelas tratan sobre la historia de España. -Te equivocas, las suyas tratan sobre la historia de Cuba.
-His novels deal with Spanish history. -You are mistaken, his are about Cuban history.

In Spanish, suyo, suya, suyos and suyas can refer to six different owners:

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it
  4. you [formal singular]
  5. you [formal plural]
  6. they

You need to work out the owner by the context.

It is not possible to use any of these possessive pronouns in front of a noun! Use a possessive adjective instead:

Míos libros son muy interesantes. Mis libros son muy interesantes.
My books are very interesting.

See also How to say ours and yours plural (masculine/feminine singular and plural) and Adjetivo posesivo

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Esta casa no es suya.
This house is not yours. ["you" = "ustedes" formal plural]


El collar del perro es suyo.
The dog's collar belongs to it. [lit: The dog's collar is its.]


Ese bocadillo de atún no era suyo.
That tuna sandwich was not yours. ["you" = "usted" formal singular]


Yo creo que mi libro de ruso no es suyo.
I think that my Russian book is not his.


-Sus novelas tratan sobre la historia de España. -Te equivocas, las suyas tratan sobre la historia de Cuba.
-His novels deal with Spanish history. -You are mistaken, his are about Cuban history.


Las bicicletas no eran suyas.
The bicycles were not hers.


-Mis vacaciones fueron estupendas. -¿Y las suyas, cómo fueron?
-My holidays were great. -And yours, how were they? ["yours" = "ustedes" plural formal]


-Sus viajes son a diferentes lugares. -Y los tuyos, ¿adónde son?
-His trips are to different places. -And yours, where are they to?


Las croquetas de jamón eran mías.
The ham croquettes were mine.


-Mi aspiradora no funciona. -La mía se rompió ayer también.
-My vacuum cleaner doesn't work. -Mine broke yesterday too.


Estos calcetines rojos son tuyos.
These red socks are yours. ["you" = "tú" informal singular]


Estos cuadernos no eran suyos.
These exercise books were not theirs.


Míos libros son muy interesantes. Mis libros son muy interesantes.
My books are very interesting.


-Mis tortillas son las mejores. -Pues las mías llevan menos aceite.
-My omelettes are the best ones. -Well, mine have less oil.


1. Este regalo es tuyo. 2. Este regalo es el tuyo
This present is yours. [The article "el" reinforces the possession.]


El disco de Alejandro Sanz es mío.
The CD of Alejandro Sanz is mine.


Elsa dice que ese pantalón vaquero es tuyo.
Elsa says that that pair of jeans is yours.


Q&A Forum 3 questions, 4 answers

Question about the formal usages in Spain and LatAm

Hi,

I was wondering if you have a lesson or if you could explain to me the formal and informal uses for Spain and LatAm.

Is ustedes formal for both?  I know that the "vosotros: form is not used in LatAm.  So what would be all the ways of being formal, i.e. sing and plural? and who does what?

Thank you.

Nicole

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Nicole

In Spain we use:

Usted and Ustedes as formal you/you plural

Tú and Vosotros as informal you/you plural

This applies to most parts of Spain (It is a bit different in Andalucía and The Canary islands, for example)

In Latin America:

Generally:

Usted as formal you singular

Tú as informal you singular

Ustedes as formal and informal you plural

Then you also have the use of "vos" for an informal you singular, in some countries like Argentina.

We won't have content related to this in Kwiziq until we have a Latin American teacher who can write about this with more detail and more accurately, as the current teachers at Kwiziq we are not from Latin America, but Spain.

Inma

Question about the formal usages in Spain and LatAm

Hi,

I was wondering if you have a lesson or if you could explain to me the formal and informal uses for Spain and LatAm.

Is ustedes formal for both?  I know that the "vosotros: form is not used in LatAm.  So what would be all the ways of being formal, i.e. sing and plural? and who does what?

Thank you.

Nicole

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RE: Question from July 2018 below

Hello, 

I was wondering if the lesson you referred to below :

"Ours and Yours (plural) as pronouns are in a different lesson. It is not yet ready but it will be soon."

has been made and if so what the link is. 

Thank you, NIcole

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hi Nicole

Yes, sorry, we should have linked these two lessons.

Here it it. 

Saludos

Inma

RE: Question from July 2018 below

Hello, 

I was wondering if the lesson you referred to below :

"Ours and Yours (plural) as pronouns are in a different lesson. It is not yet ready but it will be soon."

has been made and if so what the link is. 

Thank you, NIcole

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Vosotros?

You don't seem to have mentioned the informal plural "you" forms.
Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hi Alan

Ours and Yours (plural) as pronouns are in a different lesson. It is not yet ready but it will be soon.

We do have this one for nuestro/vuestro as adjectives.

https://spanish.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/forming-the-plural-of-our-and-your-masculinefeminine-singular-and-plural

Inma

hi, is it ready by now?

thanm you

Vosotros?

You don't seem to have mentioned the informal plural "you" forms.

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Getting that for you now.