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When do I use le , les and when do I use la, lo. Having big problems with this.

Susan

Kwiziq community member

23 February 2018

1 reply

When do I use le , les and when do I use la, lo. Having big problems with this.

This relates to:
Using le and les = [to] it,him, her, them (indirect object pronouns) -

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

24 February 2018

24/02/18

Hola Susan


Lo, la, los and las are direct object pronouns, i.e pronouns that replace a person/people or a thing/things and they receive the action from the verb directly. Generally you spot them by asking the verb the question What? or Who?


See the following examples:


"Roberto compró pan" --> "Roberto lo compró" (What did Roberto buy? -bread [direct obj]


"Roberto llamó a Claudia" -->"Roberto la llamó" (Who did Roberto call?) -Claudia [direct obj]


lo and la are replacing pan and Claudia and they are both direct object pronouns.


Le and les are indirect object pronouns, i.e pronouns that replace a person/people (not things) and they receive the action from the verb indirectly. Generally you spot them by asking the verb "to whom"? or "for whom"?


See the following examples:


"Roberto compró flores para Claudia" --> Roberto le compró flores (For whom did Roberto buy flowers? -for Claudia, for her. [indirect obj]


"Roberto dio dinero a sus hijos" --> "Roberto les dio dinero" (To whom did Roberto give money? -to his children, to them. [indirect obj]


I hope this clarified your doubts. 


Gracias y saludos


Inma

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