Why is una gata? I thought this is male noun un or el gato.
In Spanish we have a word for a female animal and a male animal (in most cases) unlike in English where you need to add the word male or female to specify most of the time; so we have for example:
un gato / una gata (a male cat / a female cat)
un perro / una perra (a male dog / a female dog)
un conejo / una coneja (a male rabbit / a female rabbit)
Some of them as you can see have an ending -o for male and an ending -a for female. Other animals have a specific noun for a male an a female, for example:
And some have just one form for both, in which case we add the words macho or hembra:
This lesson talks about living creatures and their gender. Have a look here.
At the end of the lesson you will also find a useful list of animals in Spanish.
I hope this helps.
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