hi room and experts
Please clarify why 'tener + participio cases' must have agreement in gender and number with the noun acting as a direct object, whereas this rule does not apply in 'haber + participio cases'
For example - Tienes ya pensada la estrategia para convencer a Inés? - (show agreement)
He pintado dos habitaciones. (does not show agreement)
The reason why there is agreement whith "tener + participio" is because that participle is acting as an adjective to the noun. Adjectives always agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.
If you change the placement you can see it better as an adjective I think:
It is as if we are saying "Cuatro páginas del libro están leídas." Also an adjective here with estar, and agreeing.
When we use the compound tenses using haber + participle, this is not the case as you know. Here its function is not an adjective at all. It is part of the verb structure. It doesn't need agreement at all.
We have this B1 lesson that may help
Participles as adjectives
I hope this helps.
Sign in to submit your answer
Don't have an account yet? Join today
Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard