Using cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas to say whose + noun (relative pronoun)

To express whose + noun in Spanish we use adjective cuyo.

Have a look and listen to the following examples:

Roberto, cuyo hijo va al colegio de mi hija, es abogado.
Roberto, whose son goes to my daughter's school, is a lawyer.

Andrea, cuya jefa es tambien mi jefa, es una buena compañera.
Andrea, whose boss is also my boss, is a good colleague.

Tu amigo, cuyos consejos seguiste, no es una persona de fiar.
Your friend, whose advice you followed, is not a trustworthy person.

Note that they can also be used preceded by a preposition, although depending on which preposition is needed, the translation then would not be as straightforward as whose and it would sound very formal and old-fashioned in English:

La casa, en cuyas habitaciones dormimos, era muy tradicional.
The house, in whose rooms we slept, was very traditional.

Independently of the gender and number of the possessor, the first part of the adjective remains the same:
cuy- 

But the endings will vary in accordance with the possession:
(-o, -a, -os, -as)

Have a look at this table:

 Whose Masculine possession

Feminine possession

Singular

cuyo

cuya

Plural

cuyos

cuyas

Remember that this adjective is formal.

More colloquially, we could express the same thing this way:

Andrea, cuya jefa es también mi jefa, es una buena compañera.

Andrea, que su jefa es también mi jefa, es una buena compañera.

or

Roberto, cuyo hijo va al colegio de mi hija, es abogado.

Roberto, que tiene un hijo que va al colegio de mi hija, es abogado.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu amigo, cuyos consejos seguiste, no es una persona de fiar.
Your friend, whose advice you followed, is not a trustworthy person.


La casa, en cuyas habitaciones dormimos, era muy tradicional.
The house, in whose rooms we slept, was very traditional.


Andrea, cuya jefa es tambien mi jefa, es una buena compañera.
Andrea, whose boss is also my boss, is a good colleague.


Roberto, cuyo hijo va al colegio de mi hija, es abogado.
Roberto, whose son goes to my daughter's school, is a lawyer.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 3 answers

NicoleB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Question about Cuyo

From what I have learned from searches, is that :"cuyo" is always an adj, even though in English and French they are pronouns. 

So, is this correct: "cuyo" is always an adj,"

Thank you.

Nicole

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Nicole

Many sources (reliable ones) describe "cuyo" as a "pronombre relativo", and others also say it is an adjective. I believe it is both. It is a pronoun because it is always referring to something/someone mentioned before, creating a subordinate clause, for example:

Mi vecino, cuyo nieto viene a visitarlo de vez en cuando, siempre está enfermo.

My neighbour, whose grandson comes to visit him now and then, is always ill.

But it is also an adjective because it needs to agree with the noun it is accompanying:

Mi vecino, cuyo nieto ...

My neighbour, whose grandson...

Laura, cuyos abuelos viven lejos...

Laura, whose grandparents live far away...

Su hermana, cuyas hijas van a la universidad..

Her sister, whose daughters go to Uni...

I hope this helps,

Inma

Question about Cuyo

From what I have learned from searches, is that :"cuyo" is always an adj, even though in English and French they are pronouns. 

So, is this correct: "cuyo" is always an adj,"

Thank you.

Nicole

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AndrewC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Cuyo vs. cuya

I wonder if there is an error in this question:

Este hotel, ________ inauguración fue ayer, va a recibir muchos turistas alemanes.

I think that the answer should be cuyo (because hotel is a masculine noun), but the Kwiziq answer on the test question is cuya.  Is this a mistake on Kwiziq's part, or am I not understanding something?

Asked 11 months agoKwiziq Scoring Grades
AlanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Agreement is with the possession, not the possessor, and inauguración is feminine.
AndrewC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks Alan, your answer explains it completely.

Un salado,

Andrew

Cuyo vs. cuya

I wonder if there is an error in this question:

Este hotel, ________ inauguración fue ayer, va a recibir muchos turistas alemanes.

I think that the answer should be cuyo (because hotel is a masculine noun), but the Kwiziq answer on the test question is cuya.  Is this a mistake on Kwiziq's part, or am I not understanding something?

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