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Forming the plural of adjectives ending in l, r, n, z and s

Take a look at these examples:

Los idiomas árabes no son fáciles de aprender, pero el español es fácil.
Arabic languages are not easy to learn, but Spanish is easy.

Los alumnos de la universidad son trabajadores porque el profesor es muy trabajador.
The students from the university are hardworking because the teacher is very hardworking.

Mi falda es marrón y mis zapatos son marrones también.
My skirt is brown and my shoes are brown as well.

Bebo vino francés y como quesos franceses.
I drink French wine and eat French cheeses.

Note that adjectives ending in l, r, n, z and s in the singular form take -es in the plural.
 
With adjectives ending in -z, the -z will become -c when you add the -es ending. This is to preserve the [s] pronunciation:

Yo no soy feliz, pero mis amigos son muy felices.
I am not happy, but my friends are very happy.

Yo soy andaluz de Sevilla, pero ellos son andaluces de Málaga.
I am Andalucian from Sevilla, but they are Andalucian from Málaga.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tu eres muy fanfarrón, pero tus hermanos no son fanfarrones.
You are very arrogant, but your brothers are not arrogant.


Los alumnos de la universidad son trabajadores porque el profesor es muy trabajador.
The students from the university are hardworking because the teacher is very hardworking.


Yo tengo un amigo fiel, pero tú tienes tres amigos fieles.
I have one loyal friend, but you have three loyal friends.


Los idiomas árabes no son fáciles de aprender, pero el español es fácil.
Arabic languages are not easy to learn, but Spanish is easy.


Yo soy andaluz de Sevilla, pero ellos son andaluces de Málaga.
I am Andalucian from Sevilla, but they are Andalucian from Málaga.


Bebo vino francés y como quesos franceses.
I drink French wine and eat French cheeses.


Yo no soy feliz, pero mis amigos son muy felices.
I am not happy, but my friends are very happy.


Mi falda es marrón y mis zapatos son marrones también.
My skirt is brown and my shoes are brown as well.


Micro kwiz: Forming the plural of adjectives ending in l, r, n, z and s
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Q&A

Christopher

Kwiziq community member

11 October 2017

4 replies

Feminine plural adjectives

So, for the quiz, I got this one wrong: “El gazpacho es andaluz y las sevillanas también son andaluzas”. I guess there must be a rule about feminine plural adjectives? Maybe it needs to be clarified in the lesson?

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

12 October 2017

12/10/17

Thanks Christopher - it seems we're also missing basic lessons on forming regular masculine and feminine plural adjectives in Spanish, which also need to be referenced in this lesson. We'll get those done asap. Thanks for the feedback!

Mags

Kwiziq community member

15 October 2017

15/10/17

Yes, I need that too please.

Catriona

Kwiziq community member

5 December 2017

5/12/17

I have never understood what the rule is for leaving out an accent in the plural when it is there in the singular. I dropped it from ingleses, reasoning that an extra syllable had been added so it wouldn't be needed but apparently it is ingléses. What's the rule for this and for other versions of words, e.g. adverbs, that add a syllable to the root word?

Martin

Kwiziq community member

7 December 2017

7/12/17

Hi Catriona, I am just a learner, but when I had school lessons in Spanish in 1965 I was taught the rules for stress in Spanish.
1. If a word ends in a vowel or N or S the stress is on the last but one syllable.
2. If a word ends on a consonant that is not N or S then the stress is on the final syllable. (Our silly jingle to remember this was to recite "the NOSE is on the last but one") .
3. If the stress does not follow those rules you need an accent to show an exception.
4. Some words following the stress rule have accents because they are question words such as qué, or to avoid ambiguity such as between sí and si, el and él.

So inglés needs the accent because it is an exception, but ingleses does not because it is following the rule.
Clever stuff underway!