Created using FigmaCreated using FigmaCreated using FigmaCreated using Figma

Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Imperativo (affirmative commands)

El Imperativo is used to express affirmative commands in Spanish, in the same way you use the Imperative in English:

¡Bebe algo!
Drink something! ("you" informal singular = "tú")

To form El Imperativo in Spanish :
- You never use subject pronouns, just like in English. 
- Verb endings change according to who you are speaking to!


Regular -er and -ir verbs  in El Imperativo both use the same endings except for the vosotros/vosotras form. Here are the conjugations of two common regular verbs -er and -ir verbs in El Imperativo:


  COMER
to eat
VIVIR
to live
 yo  -  -
  come  vive

usted

coma viva
nosotros/nosotras comamos vivamos
vosotros/vosotras comed vivid
ustedes coman vivan

 

You never use the yo form in El Imperativo. You don’t give orders to yourself!

Remember that in Spanish there are four different ways to say you:

  • = informal singular
  • vosotros/vosotras = informal plural
  • usted = formal singular
  • ustedes = formal plural

Here are more examples in El Imperativo:

¡Eduardo, corre más rápido!
Eduardo, run faster!

¡Vosotros, corred hasta casa!
You, run home!

Señor, ¡corra!
Sir, run! (formal singular = "usted")

¡Corran por allí!
Run over there! ("you" plural formal = "ustedes")

¡Chicos, corramos la maratón!
Guys, let's run the marathon!

¡Amigos, bebamos hasta el amanecer!
Friends, let's drink until dawn!

 

El Imperativo is only used for affirmative commands in Spanish. To express negative commands, you will use El Presente de Subjuntivo. See Forming simple negative commands : No + El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive).

You can also have a look at more advanced lessons about El Imperativo.

Using double pronouns with El Imperativo

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¡Chicos, corramos la maratón!
Guys, let's run the marathon!


¡Bebe algo!
Drink something! ("you" informal singular = "tú")


¡Amigos, bebamos hasta el amanecer!
Friends, let's drink until dawn!


¡Corran por allí!
Run over there! ("you" plural formal = "ustedes")


¡Eduardo, corre más rápido!
Eduardo, run faster!


¡Vosotros, corred hasta casa!
You, run home!


Señor, ¡corra!
Sir, run! (formal singular = "usted")


Q&A

Be the first to ask a question!

Find your Spanish level for FREE

Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard

find your Spanish level

Share the love!

Clever stuff underway!