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Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Imperativo (affirmative commands)

El Imperativo is used to express affirmative commands in Spanish, in the same way you use the Imperative in English:

¡Pepe presta atención !
Pepe pay attention!

To form El Imperativo in Spanish :
- You never use subject pronouns, just like in English. 
- Verb endings change according to who you are speaking to!

Here is the conjugation of a regular -ar verb in El Imperativo. Note that in El Imperativo you never use the yo form. You don't give orders to yourself!

 

COMPRAR to buy    

(tú)

compra

(usted)

compre

(nosotros/nosotras)  

compremos

(vosotros/vosotras)

comprad

(ustedes)

compren

Remember that in Spanish there are four different ways to say you:

  • = informal singular
  • vosotros/vosotras = informal plural
  • usted = formal singular
  • ustedes = formal plural

María, ¡compra más patatas!
María, buy more potatoes!

Señor Perez, ¡compre un ordenador cuanto antes!
Mr. Perez, buy a computer as soon as possible!

Pedro, Juan, Rosa ¡comprad leche!
Pedro, Juan, Rosa buy milk!

Señor y Señora Valls, ¡compren una nueva lavadora!
Mr. and Mrs. Valls, buy a new washing machine!

Mario y Juan ¡bailad más rápido!
Mario and Juan, dance faster!

Señorita, ¡cante esa linda canción!
Miss, sing that lovely song!

Hablen más despacio por favor.
Speak more slowly please.

 

El Imperativo is only used for affirmative commands in Spanish. To express negative commands, you will use El Presente de Subjuntivo. 
See Forming simple negative commands : No + El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive).

You can also have a look at these more advanced lessons about El Imperativo.
Using double pronouns with El Imperativo

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¡Pepe presta atención !
Pepe pay attention!


Señor y Señora Valls, ¡compren una nueva lavadora!
Mr. and Mrs. Valls, buy a new washing machine!


Señora Matos, ¡compre lo que hay en la lista!
Mrs Matos, buy what's on the list!


María, ¡compra más patatas!
María, buy more potatoes!


Mario y Juan ¡bailad más rápido!
Mario and Juan, dance faster!


Señor Perez, ¡compre un ordenador cuanto antes!
Mr. Perez, buy a computer as soon as possible!


Señorita, ¡cante esa linda canción!
Miss, sing that lovely song!


Pedro, Juan, Rosa ¡comprad leche!
Pedro, Juan, Rosa buy milk!


Hablen más despacio por favor.
Speak more slowly please.


Micro kwiz: Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Imperativo (affirmative commands)
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Q&A

William

Kwiziq community member

31 January 2018

5 replies

Imperatives for Reflexive Verb cepillarse

Is the imperative for 3rd person plural not one word cepíllense ?

Silvia

Kwiziq language super star

31 January 2018

31/01/18

Hola William! Yes, that's right and the imperative form for 3rd person plural of "cepillarse" is "cepíllense". I have just checked the question and the pronoun "se" is already attached to the gap because we are not testing here if students know the reflexive pronouns, only how to conjugate in the imperative form. Hasta pronto! Silvia

William

Kwiziq community member

31 January 2018

31/01/18

Hola Silvia!

I understand the logic but "cepillen se" is not correct, should you not change the question to "Don't brush your teeth ........." which hopefully is " no se cepillen los dientes ......."

William

Silvia

Kwiziq language super star

31 January 2018

31/01/18

Hola de nuevo William! The answer "cepíllense" is correct because the lesson is about the imperative in the affirmative form, therefore we cannot use the negative here. Also, as discussed before, the "se" pronoun is stuck to the imperative form in the affirmative form. Hope this clarifies a bit more your doubt. Gracias! Silvia.

William

Kwiziq community member

31 January 2018

31/01/18

I don't want to be awkward here. I am only trying to be helpful. Perhaps better not to use a reflexive verb here as the answer contradicts the advice given in the following exercise: "Conjugate in El Imperativo with reflexive pronouns (affirmative commands)"

Silvia

Kwiziq language super star

1 February 2018

1/02/18

Hola William! We are adding a little hint to this question saying that the pronoun "se" is already included in the question, and therefore the right answer is "cepíllense" and not "cepíllen se" with a space, in order to make it clearer for students. Silvia.
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