Verb list: Stem-changing verbs: present tense (o > ue)

These common Spanish verbs all have a stem change (o > ue) in the present tense

Vocab

Acordarse To remember
Acostarse To go to bed
Almorzar To have lunch
Contar To tell
Costar To cost
Doler To hurt
Dormir To sleep
Encontrar To find
Morir To die
Mover To move [something]
Poder To be able to
Recordar To remember
Soler To tend to [do something]
Sonar To ring
Soñar To dream
Volar To fly
Volver To come back

Q&A Forum 3 questions, 5 answers

NicolaA1Kwiziq community member

How to remember

Hi, is there some kind of rule with the verbs that stem change to ue or is it just a case of learning and remembering which ones do? 

Thanks :) 

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Nicola

It'd be useful if there was some kind of rule to know which verbs undergo that change but no, unfortunately it is a memorising exercise...

Saludos

Inma

DavidC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Nicola - Although not really the same verbs which you are asking about, http://dlmcn.com/ir_verbs.html contains the results of research I did on vowel changes in certain "-ir" verbs. For example, for me it is helpful to remember that advertir, convertir, invertir, divertir and the others which end in "-vertir", all adopt the e>ie stem-change in [much of] the present tense, as too do all the "-erir" ones [sugerir, diferir, interferir, referir, transferir, preferir, inferir etc.] However, those which terminate in "-ergir" [sumergir, divergir, and convergir] do *not* undergo any vowel change. In the third category, all "-etir" verbs [e.g. repetir, competir, derretir] - as well as "-egir" ones - replace the 'e' by 'i' in the present tense [apart from the nosotros and vosotros forms, of course].

How to remember

Hi, is there some kind of rule with the verbs that stem change to ue or is it just a case of learning and remembering which ones do? 

Thanks :) 

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FrancisB1Kwiziq community member

Notice contar isn’t in this list?

Hi there, I notice contar wasn’t in this list? Or is it always the case that an -ar-  verb ending in “ontar” will change its stem? 

Asked 7 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Francis,

I just added the verb "contar" to this list as a o > ue verb in the present. Bear in mind though that not all verbs with an -o in their stem undergo this vowel change. For example, verbs like "montar" = to ride or "borrar" = to delete are completely regular verbs.

Saludos,

Inma

Notice contar isn’t in this list?

Hi there, I notice contar wasn’t in this list? Or is it always the case that an -ar-  verb ending in “ontar” will change its stem? 

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DennisA2Kwiziq community member

Do we have a list of ir er verbs with the consonant o in the stem which do not change?

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Dennis

I'm afraid not. We tend to make lists of verbs that undergo some sort of irregularity.

To name some of those verbs that have an -o in the stem and don't change to -ue, you have for example:

Cortar - to cut

Notar - to realise

Frotar - to scrub

Votar - to vote

Engordar - to get fat

Coser - to sew

Comer - to eat

Coger - to take

Poner - to put 

Saludos

Inma

DennisA2Kwiziq community member

Thank you Imma, your help is appreciated more than you might guess

Do we have a list of ir er verbs with the consonant o in the stem which do not change?

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